Education

Peking Dux: Beijing city and University Top China’s University Rankings

The contemporary push to raise an elite few Chinese universities to international standard began in 1998 at Peking University (PKU). At the 100th centenary celebrations of PKU, then President Jiang Zemin announced “China must have a number of top-class universities at the international level”. Project 985, named after the date of Jiang’s speech, has allocated additional funding to those select universities since.[1]

The initial nine Project 985 universities – Fudan University (Shanghai), Harbin Institute of Technology, Nanjing University, Peking University, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Tsinghua University, Xian Jiaotong University and Zhejiang University (2011’s number one) – comprise China’s ‘Ivy League’, known as the C9. Chosen as much for their standing as their geographic and specialisation spread these universities are less overall aligned with the overall rankings of China’s universities, for 2012 at least.

National university rankings for China paint a more geographically centred concentration of elite universities. In these rankings, in 2012 Beijing was home to both of the top 2 schools (Peking and Tsinghua); to 3 of the top 10 universities; and 19 of the top 100 universities nationwide. A majority of these furthermore are categorised as ‘Science and Technology’ universities – including Tsinghua (2), Beihang (22), Beijing Institute of Technology (30), and the China University of Petroleum (41). The top university, Peking University – Peking Dux – is a comprehensive school, and within the sciences branch is perhaps best known for life sciences and medicine. Hospitals attached to PKU are some of Beijing’s best public hospitals. The district in which most of those universities are located, Haidian, in Beijing’s north-west, is known not only from the presence of universities, but also  its hi-tech zones, including the Zhongguancun Haidian Science Park.

Other noticeable trends within the rankings include the density of elite science/technology schools in Heilongjiang and Hubei; and the diversity and density of prospectively rising star universities in Shaanxi, Shanghai and Jiangsu.

The complete list of the top 100 Chinese universities as ranked in 2012 by the China Alumni Network is outlined in Table 1. To highlight how and where China’s research-oriented brains are clustered, by university at least, below we list out the provinces with at least three top 100 universities:

Anhui: University of Science and Technology of China (18); Hefei University of Technology (66), and Anhui University (94);

Beijing: Peking University (1); Tsinghua University (2); Renmin University (8); Beijing Normal University (13); Beihang University (22); Beijing Institute of Technology (30); University of Science and Technology of Beijing (33); China University of Petroleum (41); Beijing Jiaotong University (45); Beijing University of Chemical Technology (57); Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications (65); Beijing University of Technology (70); China University of Political Science and Law (73); Central University of Nationalities (77); Capital Medical University (82); Central University of Finance and Economics (89); Capital Normal University (91); Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (98);

Guangdong: Zhongshan University (10); South China University of Technology (28); Jinan University (63); South China Normal University (71); South China Agricultural University (74);

Heilongjiang: Harbin Institute of Technology (17); Harbin Engineering University (59); Northeast Forestry University (86);

Hubei: Wuhan University (7); Huazhong University of Science and Technology (9); Huazhong Normal University (38); China University of Geosciences (39); Huazhong Agricultural University (44); Wuhan University of Technology (53); Zhongnan University of Economics and Law (80);

Hunan: Central South University (15); Hunan University (34); Hunan Normal University (62);

Jiangsu: Nanjing University (5); South East University (26); China University of Mining and Technology (37); Nanjing University of Science and Technology (49); Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (51); Agricultural University of Nanjing (52); Hehai University (54); Suzhou University (55); Nanjing Normal University (61); Jiangnan University (75); Nanjing University of Technology (92);

Liaoning: Dalian University of Technology (27); North East University (31); Liaoning University (94);

Shaanxi: Xian Jiaotong University (19); Northwestern Polytechnical University (29); North West University (40); Chang’An University (50); Northwest Agricultural and Forestry University (59); Xidian University (68); Shaanxi Normal University (76);

Shanghai: Fudan University (4); Shanghai Jiaotong University (6); East China Normal University (23); Tongji University (24); China Agricultural University (25); East China University of Science and Technology (36); Shanghai (64); Donghua University (69); Shanghai University of Finance and Economics (77);

Sichuan: Electronic Science and Technology University (47); South West Jiaotong University (48); South Western University of Finance and Economics (99); Sichuan Agricultural University (100).

With China seeking to upgrade its growth model to a more indigenous innovation-based model, and Chinese government leaders promoted in part for their success in meeting economic goalposts, watch this space for an innovative race between universities and provinces in China in the decade forth. Will Peking stay China’s university Dux?

 

Table 1: 2012 China University Rankings

 

Rank

University

Province

University Type

Overall Score

Science Research

Talent

Comprehensiveness

1

Peking University

Beijing

Comprehensive

100

95.61

100

98.32

2

Tsinghua University

Beijing

Science & Engineering

96.18

100

86.55

100

3

Zhejiang University

Zhejiang

Comprehensive

56.1

53.46

52.4

74.86

4

Fudan University

Shanghai

Comprehensive

55.57

53.6

55.69

51.54

5

Nanjing University

Jiangsu

Comprehensive

42.9

40.67

42.63

45.36

6

Shanghai Jiaotong University

Shanghai

Comprehensive

42.52

48.01

35.59

37.39

7

Wuhan University

Hubei

Comprehensive

39.37

41.14

35.53

39.41

8

Renmin University

Beijing

Comprehensive

36.61

28.11

36.52

73.38

9

Huazhong University of Science & Technology

Hubei

Science & Engineering

34.56

37.57

29.47

35.49

10

Zhongshan University

Guangdong

Comprehensive

33.77

34.47

29.6

42.61

11

Jilin University

Jilin

Comprehensive

33.68

32.57

33.82

30.43

12

Sichuan University

Sichuan

Comprehensive

32.23

33.82

28.57

34.11

13

Beijing Normal University

Beijing

Normal

27.95

28.32

23.87

39.58

14

Nankai University

Tianjin

Comprehensive

27.84

28.17

24.6

35.45

15

Central South University

Hunan

Comprehensive

27.62

27.9

24.66

34.14

16

Shandong University

Shandong

Comprehensive

27.49

26.07

26.77

31.81

17

Harbin Institute of Technology

Heilongjiang

Science & Engineering

27.27

26.27

26.43

29.94

18

University of Science & Technology of China

Anhui

Science & Engineering

27.2

27.87

24.53

30.26

19

Xian Jiaotong University

Shaanxi

Comprehensive

26.43

25.65

25.06

30.83

20

Xiamen University

Fujian

Comprehensive

25.42

24.34

22.69

38.54

21

Tianjin University

Tianjin

Science & Engineering

22.17

21.91

19.1

33.47

22

Beihang University

Beijing

Science & Engineering

21.85

24.62

16.35

29.3

23

East China Normal University

Shanghai

Normal

21.25

20.79

18.7

31.17

24

Tongji University

Shanghai

Science & Engineering

21.1

19.51

18.92

35.26

25

China Agricultural

Shanghai

Agriculture & Forestry

19.6

21.33

14.46

31.39

26

South East

Jiangsu

Comprehensive

19.22

16.9

18.4

30.94

27

Dalian University of Technology

Liaoning

Science & Engineering

17.34

17.15

14.74

27.08

28

South China University of Technology

Guangdong

Science & Engineering

16.73

15.36

14.1

33.21

29

Northwestern Polytechnical University

Shaanxi

Science & Engineering

15.62

15.36

12.85

27.08

30

Beijing Institute of Technology

Beijing

Science & Engineering

15.14

13.35

13.24

30.47

31

North East University

Liaoning

Science & Engineering

14.97

12.6

14.26

27.51

32

Chongqing University

Chongqing

Comprehensive

14.47

12.3

12.98

29.93

33

University of Science & Technology of Beijing

Beijing

Science & Engineering

13.97

12.36

11.99

29.07

34

Hunan University

Hunan

Comprehensive

13.92

11.37

12.86

29.44

35

Lanzhou University

Gansu

Comprehensive

13.82

11.06

13.06

28.91

36

East China University of Science & Technology

Shanghai

Science & Engineering

12.54

12.51

9.07

27.09

37

China University of Mining and Technology

Jiangsu

Science & Engineering

12.25

11.44

9.41

27.89

38

Huazhong Normal University

Hubei

Normal

11.86

11.6

9.81

20.61

39

China University of Geosciences

Hubei

Science & Engineering

11.85

10.24

9.79

27.93

40

North West University

Shaanxi

Comprehensive

11.59

10.8

10.25

19.69

41

China University of Petroleum

Beijing

Science & Engineering

11.26

10.62

7.95

28.55

42

Ocean University of China

Shandong

Comprehensive

11.11

11.58

7.68

23.12

43

North East Normal

Jilin

Normal

11.08

9.78

9.6

22.76

44

Huazhong Agricultural University

Hubei

Agriculture & Forestry

10.73

10.72

7.75

23.12

45

Beijing Jiaotong University

Beijing

Science & Engineering

10.66

9.64

7.58

28.94

46

South West University

Chongqing

Comprehensive

10.52

9.01

8.89

24.19

47

Electronic Science & Technology University

Sichuan

Science & Engineering

10.42

8.91

7.78

29.19

48

South West Jiaotong University

Sichuan

Science & Engineering

10.33

8.07

8.86

27.22

49

Nanjing University of Science & Technology

Jiangsu

Science & Engineering

9.85

8.58

7.3

27.1

50

Chang’An University

Shaanxi

Science & Engineering

9.48

9.36

8.06

14.89

51

Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Jiangsu

Science & Engineering

9.3

8.33

7.26

22.51

52

Agricultural University of Nanjing

Jiangsu

Agriculture & Forestry

9.25

7.09

7.63

26.7

53

Wuhan University of Technology

Hubei

Science & Engineering

9.11

6.99

8.1

23.25

54

Hehai University

Jiangsu

Science & Engineering

8.95

7.9

6.08

26.75

55

Suzhou University

Jiangsu

Comprehensive

8.61

7.46

8.63

12.51

56

Zhengzhou University

Henan

Comprehensive

8.58

5.02

10.78

14.45

57

Beijing University of Chemical Technology

Beijing

Science & Engineering

8.53

9.19

4.66

22.43

58

Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications

Beijing

Science & Engineering

8.49

8.63

4.96

23.45

59

Harbin Engineering University

Heilongjiang

Science & Engineering

8.48

7.47

5.59

26.31

59

Northwest Agricultural and Forestry University

Shaanxi

Agriculture & Forestry

8.48

6.87

7.01

22.37

61

Nanjing Normal University

Jiangsu

Normal

8.47

6.05

9.75

12.89

62

Hunan Normal University

Hunan

Normal

8.22

6.96

8.26

12.65

63

Jinan University

Guangdong

Comprehensive

8.2

6.94

7.03

18.79

64

Shanghai University

Shanghai

Comprehensive

8.16

6.92

7.77

14.72

65

Beijing Forestry University

Beijing

Agriculture & Forestry

8.11

6.62

5.56

27.01

66

Hefei University of Technology

Anhui

Science & Engineering

8.02

5.69

7.22

22.49

67

Yunnan University

Yunnan

Comprehensive

7.96

6.09

7.39

18.82

68

Xidian University

Shaanxi

Science & Engineering

7.81

7.35

6.35

15.71

69

Donghua University

Shanghai

Science & Engineering

7.73

7.54

5.78

16.7

70

Beijing University of Technology

Beijing

Science & Engineering

7.47

7.35

6.19

12.7

71

South China Normal University

Guangdong

Normal

6.64

4.03

7.74

13.34

72

Nanchang University

Jiangxi

Comprehensive

6.61

6.01

5.4

14.25

73

China University of Political Science and Law

Beijing

Law

6.45

3.04

5.06

30.12

74

South China Agricultural University

Guangdong

Agriculture & Forestry

6.15

6.17

5.85

6.03

75

Jiangnan University

Jiangsu

Comprehensive

6.11

6.24

3.27

18.26

76

Shaanxi Normal

Shaanxi

Normal

5.97

4.51

6.92

7.54

77

Central University of Nationalities

Beijing

Nationality

5.92

3.57

4.66

23.41

77

Shanghai University of Finance and Economics

Shanghai

Finance & Economics

5.92

3.71

5.04

20.67

79

Fuzhou University

Fujian

Science & Engineering

5.91

4.49

5.43

14.48

80

Zhongnan University of Economics and Law

Hubei

Finance & Economics

5.87

3.4

6.66

13.59

81

Inner Mongolia University

Inner Mongolia

Comprehensive

5.82

4.85

4.6

15.74

82

Capital Medical University

Beijing

Medicine

5.75

7.69

4.19

1.85

83

Taiyuan University of Technology

Shanxi

Science & Engineering

5.63

4.94

4.92

11.43

84

Xinjiang University

Xinjiang

Comprehensive

5.48

4.2

4.14

17.76

84

Shanxi University

Shanxi

Comprehensive

5.48

4.99

6.53

1.4

86

Northeast Forestry University

Heilongjiang

Agriculture & Forestry

5.02

3.84

4.77

11.26

87

Guangxi University

Guangxi

Comprehensive

4.94

3.79

4.05

14.35

88

Fuzhou University

Guizhou

Comprehensive

4.92

4.31

3.59

13.67

89

Central University of Finance and Economics

Beijing

Finance & Economics

4.9

1.32

2.9

33.01

90

Yanshan University

Hebei

Science & Engineering

4.84

5.3

4.15

4.72

91

Capital Normal University

Beijing

Normal

4.8

4.97

4.96

1.9

92

Nanjing University of Technology

Jiangsu

Science & Engineering

4.77

5.59

4.35

1.24

93

Hainan University

Hainan

Comprehensive

4.76

5.22

2.41

12.98

94

Liaoning University

Liaoning

Comprehensive

4.75

2.1

5.9

11.97

94

Anhui University

Anhui

Comprehensive

4.75

3.27

4.63

12.1

96

Zhejiang University of Technology

Zhejiang

Science & Engineering

4.67

5.49

4.06

2.23

97

North China Electric Power University

Hebei

Science & Engineering

4.6

3.74

3.06

15.81

98

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine

Beijing

Medicine

4.57

4.21

2.35

16.59

99

South Western University of Finance & Economics

Sichuan

Finance & Economics

4.45

2.19

4.99

12.7

100

Sichuan Agricultural University

Sichuan

Agriculture & Forestry

4.41

4.11

3.16

11.28

Source: China Alumni Network.

“Peking Dux” is the title of a forthcoming book. All rights are reserved by Sinograduate.


[1] An additional thirty universities were added thereafter as follows: Beihang University, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing Normal University, Central South University, Central University for Nationalities, China Agricultural University, Chongqing University, Dalian University of Technology, East China Normal University, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hunan University, Jilin University, Lanzhou University, Nankai University, National University of Defense Technology, Northeastern University, Northwest A&F University, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Ocean University of China, Renmin University of China, Shandong University, Sichuan University, South China University of Technology, Southeast University, Sun Yat-sen University, Tianjin University, Tongji University, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Wuhan University, and Xiamen University.

 

 

Lauren has worked in economic policy and research at the World Bank, World Economic Forum, EIU and for the governments of Sierra Leone and Guyana. She has learned Chinese since 1995, and lived in Beijing for almost six years, on and off since 1997. Lauren has a PhD in Economics from Peking University, an MSc in Development Economics from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and a B.A/B.Com from the University of Melbourne.

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